Ionic CRUD Application with Cloud Firestore

ionic crud
In this tutorial we are going to create the most simplest ionic CRUD(Create, Read, Update and Delete) using Cloud firestore.

At the end of this tutorial you’ll be able to:
-Setup a firebase account.
-Configure firestore database permissions.
-Create an ionic app using ionic cli (command line tool).
-Create, Read, Update and Delete to a firestore database from an ionic app.

What is cloud firestore?

Lets set up a firebase account.

Go to https://console.firebase.google.com and login with your google account or create one.

Enter the name of the project and click on Add Firebase to your web app.

We are going to use this data later, this will allow us to connect to firebase.

Next step is to configure Cloud Firestore, follow the following steps in the image, and start in test mode for now, to keep it simple.

For more rules you can visit here: https://cloud.google.com/firestore/docs/security/rules-query

Before we get into the ionic part, lets see how a firestore database structure looks like:

This example was taken from the ionAppFull4Pro ionic starter.
In this example you can see that the firestore data model is based on collections and documents, and you can nest collection within documents:

for more details you can visit here https://firebase.google.com/docs/firestore/data-model.

Lets create the ionic CRUD project.

First, install Node.js. Then, install the latest Cordova and Ionic command-line tools in your terminal. Follow the Android and iOS platform guides to install required tools for development. For more info go here: https://ionicframework.com/getting-started.

npm install -g cordova ionic

Now lets create the ionic app

ionic start crud blank

When the cli finish to create the files, do:

 > cd crud
 > ionic serve

To go to the new folder created, then run “ionic serve” to make sure that everything when correctly. This is how it should looks like:

Now, open the source code on your favorite editor, I prefer VS code. The source code should look like this:

Run the following command to install firebase dependency:

npm install firebase --save

We need to configure firebase on our app, for this we are going to need the config variable from previous step.

  var config = {
    apiKey: "<your key>",
    authDomain: "<your key>",
    databaseURL: "<your key>",
    projectId: "<your key>",
    storageBucket: "<your key>",
    messagingSenderId: "<your key>"
  };
firebase.initializeApp(config);

Insert the config variable on the app.module.ts for that lets add the firebase dependency.

...
import * as firebase from 'firebase';

const config = {
  apiKey: "<your key>",
  authDomain: "<your key>",
  databaseURL: "<your key>",
  projectId: "<your key>",
  storageBucket: "<your key>",
  messagingSenderId: "<your key>"
};
firebase.initializeApp(config);

...

Go to the home.html and insert this code.

<ion-header>
  <ion-navbar>
    <ion-title>
      Ionic Crud example
    </ion-title>
  </ion-navbar>
</ion-header>

<ion-content padding>
<ion-list>
    <ion-item>
        <ion-label floating>Message title :</ion-label>
        <ion-input type="text" value="" [(ngModel)]="model.title"></ion-input>
      </ion-item>            
      <ion-item>
        <ion-label floating>Message body :</ion-label>
        <ion-textarea   type="text" row="10" [(ngModel)]="model.text"></ion-textarea>
      </ion-item>
      <ion-item>
          <button type="button" (click)="addMessage()" ion-button full >Submit</button>
      </ion-item>
</ion-list>

  <ion-card>
    <ion-card-header>
      Swipe item to the left to delete or edit
    </ion-card-header>
  </ion-card>
  <ion-list>
    <ion-item-sliding *ngFor="let message of messages">
      <ion-item>
        <h3>title: {{message.title}}</h3>
        <p>body: {{message.text}}</p>
      </ion-item>
      <ion-item-options>
        <button ion-button color="danger" (click)="deleteMessage(message.$key)">
        <ion-icon name="ios-trash"></ion-icon>
        delete
      </button>
      <button ion-button color="success" (click)="updateMessage(message)">
          <ion-icon name="ios-create"></ion-icon>
          edit
        </button>
      </ion-item-options>
    </ion-item-sliding>
  </ion-list>

</ion-content>

We are using an *ngFor to generate all the items on the list, we are creating sliding items so we can set a button to delete the item.

We need to add the methods for the ionic CRUD operation (got it from the ionAppFull4Pro project).

  getAllDocuments(collection: string): Promise<any> {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        this.db.collection(collection)
            .get()
            .then((querySnapshot) => {
                let arr = [];
                querySnapshot.forEach(function (doc) {
                    var obj = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(doc.data()));
                    obj.$key = doc.id
                    console.log(obj)
                    arr.push(obj);
                });

                if (arr.length > 0) {
                    console.log("Document data:", arr);
                    resolve(arr);
                } else {
                    console.log("No such document!");
                    resolve(null);
                }


            })
            .catch((error: any) => {
                reject(error);
            });
    });
}

deleteDocument(collectionName: string, docID: string): Promise<any> {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
      this.db
          .collection(collectionName)
          .doc(docID)
          .delete()
          .then((obj: any) => {
              resolve(obj);
          })
          .catch((error: any) => {
              reject(error);
          });
  });
}

addDocument(collectionName: string, dataObj: any): Promise<any> {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
      this.db.collection(collectionName).add(dataObj)
          .then((obj: any) => {
              resolve(obj);
          })
          .catch((error: any) => {
              reject(error);
          });
  });
}

updateDocument(collectionName: string, docID: string, dataObj: any): Promise<any> {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
      this.db
          .collection(collectionName)
          .doc(docID)
          .update(dataObj)
          .then((obj: any) => {
              resolve(obj);
          })
          .catch((error: any) => {
              reject(error);
          });
  });
}

Add the methods used by the view to add, edit,list and delete items:

  loadData(){
    this.getAllDocuments("messages").then((e)=>{
      this.messages = e;
  });
  }

addMessage(){
    if(!this.isEditing){
    this.addDocument("messages", this.model).then(()=>{
      this.loadData();//refresh view
    });
  }else{
    this.updateDocument("messages", this.model.$key, this.model).then(()=>{
      this.loadData();//refresh view
    });
  }
  this.isEditing = false;
  //clear form
  this.model.title = '';
  this.model.text = '';
}

updateMessage(obj){
  this.model = obj;
  this.isEditing = true;
}

deleteMessage(key){
  this.deleteDocument("messages", key).then(()=>{
    this.loadData();//refresh view
    this.isEditing = false;
  });
}

Now you can run:

ionic serve

The result should be something like this:

You can download the full source code from here:
https://github.com/jomendez/ionic-firestore-crud-example

Happy coding!!

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